Massive peaceful protests are breaking out everywhere on the Latin American continent, enough is enough. Growing inequality; unemployment; human rights violations; no attention to the climate. The result is that the future prospects of many young people look bad in Latin American countries. Young people take the lead and new ways of protests emerge. Social media and images play an important role. Tonight we will pay tribute to young people in Chile and Nicaragua who have taken to the streets to protest for a better life at the risk of their own lives. What are their demands? And why are they risking their own lifes for it?
With amongst others:
In Nicaragua, the drop that made the bucket overflow came in April 2018. The people did not accept the reforms announced by the government to lower the pensions. The government responded out of proportion. More than 300 young people were killed within three months. Now, eighteen months later, protesting is almost impossible and the country has turned into a police state.
Hundreds of thousands of young people took to the streets in various Chilean cities to protest against social inequality and the high costs for health care, education and transport. They demand immediate constitutional reforms. The government hits back hard with the result that many young people are injured during the protests.
Young people in both countries know the stories of their parents. How did they resisted the dictators of the time? During this program we bring together different generations of activists from two countries. A great opportunity to talk to each other about what can be learned from each other. Personal stories are shared, so we continue to inspire each other. Between countries, within generations. What similarities and differences do we see with activism today, regarding the popular uprisings of a generation earlier?
About the speakers
- Stef Biemans (via Skype), VPRO presenter who made television from Nicaragua for many years. Last year he had to leave the country because of the crisis. He just made a new television series in which he explains what is happening in Nicaragua to the Dutch audience, “Letters to Andalusia”. We will interview him and ask him to share his experience of the social protests in Nicaragua, and what he wishes and has to say to the people in Latin America that are involved in the civic fight.
- Pedro X Molina, a Nicaraguan caricaturists that have won a prestigious journalism prize this year, the Cabot Prize from the University of Columbia. He had to flee the country when the government closed the media outlet where he was working for, ‘Confidencial’. The media outlet continues to work, now from exile. With his drawings he demonstrates the political situation in his country and in other countries in the world in a very particular way. He also demonstrates the role and importance of cartoons during a civic fight against state-led repression. In this Volkskrant article he is mentioned and praised for his admirable work during extreme conditions.
- Dra. Daniela Vicherat Mattar, Chilean Sociologist of the University of Leiden. She will give us more insights, from an academical point of view, into the context of the social protests in Latin America and especially in Nicaragua and Chili, both in the present and past.
- Nicole van Baal, is a chilean-dutch journalist living in the Netherlands and organizer in the Netherlands (Chilenen in Nederland), who organized many demonstrations in solidarity with the Chilean people. She will speak on her experiences with organising solidarity with the chilean people. Here you can find a radio interview where she explains the situation in Chili.
- Céline Nana Kun, human rights defender born in Chile at the time of the dictatorship. In 1984 she came to the Netherlands through an illegal adoption. She is of Mapuche-Pehuenche descent and her family comes from the Alto Bio-Bio environment. Since the age of 16 she can be found regularly in Chile. She is an international speaker, and recently held a speech at the Global Landscape Forum to draw attention to the Mapuches.
- Maurino Alarcón, is a songwriter and was the co-founder and frontman of the band TenTemPiés. A latin cross-over band with songs inspired by global political issues and social injustice. Maurino’s parents, both from Chile, had fled the Pinochet regime in the 1970s. Maurino grew up in Amsterdam, but was still strongly influenced by the history of his family and people. He is also known for being one of the founders of the party concept Fiesta Macumba, where he excites the public every week as MC. In recent years, Maurino has worked in his own studio on the foundations of a new urban latino style, combining his social involvement with his gift of composing catchy songs.
- Waikil (via Skype), Rapper and MC, member and founder of the Indigenous Mapuche music band ‘Wechekeche ñi Trawün’, one of first Mapuche youth band in Chile who became known by using Rap, Hip Hop and other modern beats on their native tongue, The Mapudungun (The voice of the land). He is very involved with what is happening in Chile right now. With his music he contributes to the social protests and is becoming one of the icon’s of the social protests in Chile.